计算机欺诈和虐待行为

DéjàVu并不遍历:第九次电路在NOSE II中加强CFAA

电脑欺诈

2016年7月5日,第九次巡回赛上诉法院在最近一章发出了高度预期的决定美国v。NOSE,在计算机欺诈和滥用行为中使用的个人“无授权”(“CFAA”),当他/她自己的访问被撤销之后,个人利用另一个人来访问公司数据库的合法登录信息。这一决定对组织具有重要的影响,因为他们考虑如何实施关于用户访问的政策和技术控制,以确保他们在CFAA下的未经授权访问受到保护。

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最高法院问题CFAA决定Michael Musacchio V.美国

最高法院

在1月25日星期一,最高法院发布了最新的计算机欺诈和滥用行为决定Michael Musacchio V.美国。离开他的雇主开始自己的公司后,被告(前任主管)继续使用他的密码和登录凭据来获得他现在的前雇主的计算机和电子邮件系统。政府向穆斯基奥致电违反了CFAA,无需授权就故意访问其前雇主的计算机系统。但是,在审判法院指示陪审团错误地指示陪审团违规的违规行为证明他获得未经授权的访问超出授权访问。然而,CFAA只需要证明个人任何一个故意在没有授权或超过授权访问的情况下访问计算机。“最高法院维持他的信念,解释说“[W]母鸡在被指导后发现有罪的被指导的被指控犯罪的元素加上一个元素,陪审团已经提出了所有的调查结果。”

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“不要去那里”:第二次电路使得对未经许可在未经许可的前雇员带来索赔

电脑欺诈

On December 3, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals became the most recent entrant into the circuit conflict on the question of when and under what circumstances an employee’s use of a computer to gain access to unauthorized information constitutes a violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. Over a dissent, the Court held that an employee cannot be convicted of violating the CFAA when he uses a database, to which he has been granted access, in a manner that is prohibited by company policy. With the Second Circuit joining the Fourth and Ninth Circuits in the minority on the issue, the answer continues to turn on the jurisdiction in which the suit was brought. Employers should take note because the decision reinforces the need to consider carefully whether and how to limit employee access to sensitive company information within its network—e.g., by use of written policy or technical access restrictions—and how those protections will play out in court if an employee takes company information for use in future employment.

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